Many modern smartphones are already giving odds to soap cameras. They have more and more opportunities; the resolution of the sensors is getting higher. Also, the software is more advanced – in fact, pictures from a middle-class smartphone are no worse than from an inexpensive camera.
Of course, most of us shoot in automatic mode. But manufacturers are increasingly adding manual: in it, you can independently set the main shooting parameters. True, not everyone knows why this is needed at all. Let’s look at it in order. This is what the Pro mode screen looks like on the POCO X3 NFC.
What are the parameters here, and what are they responsible for?
LENS. This is the lens choice. There are three of them in POCO X3 NFC: regular, ultra-wide, and macro. You can also change them in the normal mode using the zoom buttons. It is not necessary to switch to the professional one.
EV. This is “Exposure Value,” the amount of exposure. Also, not the most important parameter. Let’s describe it like this without going into subtleties: by changing the EV, you can make the photo a little lighter or darker.
ISO. The sensitivity of the matrix to light. The higher the ISO, the brighter the pictures will be when other settings are the same. For example, at night, when shooting “hand-held,” you will have a choice: you will have to set a high sensitivity in order not to get a “Malevich square” as a result. It doesn’t always make sense to select this parameter manually, either.
S. Now this is more interesting. S stands for shutter speed. It can be, for example, 1/100 s or 20 s (the minimum and maximum values depend on the model). Accordingly, the minimum shutter speed allows you to “freeze” objects: for example, a jumping horse or a riding cyclist. And in automatic mode, they may be blurry.
You can, on the contrary, specially set the shutter speed. Then you can achieve a spectacular “blur” – the blur of moving objects. We do not pretend to have a high artistic value of this photograph, but it conveys the meaning.
And here’s another shot: we set a shutter speed of 20 s, standing on a suburban unlit road, and pointed the lens at the sky. The camera captured even more stars than the eye can see. By the way, the red dotted line is not an artifact but a trail from the lights of a flying plane.
F. Diaphragm. In simpler terms, the degree of blur. It can also be changed not only in pro-mode: for example, the same POCO X3 NFC has the same adjustment in the “Portrait” mode. For Samsung, this can be Live Focus and so on.
WB. White balance. Usually, the automatic mode works well, but if you think that there is too much yellow in the photo or, on the contrary, cold tones prevail, you can try to adjust this item as well. The balance can be indicated in the form of symbols (incandescent lamp, sun, cloudy) or the form of a scale with numbers (the lower the number – the “warmer” shades).
As you can see, nothing complicated. Pro-mode, indeed, gives freedom of creativity, but you should not get carried away with it: manual settings are needed only in non-standard situations. In most cases, the photos are good on the machine.