Many leave the city to fall into everything natural, but this does not mean that one should forget about the quality of life. We have already written about electricity in the country, and today we will talk about water. Do I need to filter it in a country house? What filter options are suitable for summer residents?
Filtering in the country: is it needed?
The answer to this question can only be given by the analysis of water samples in a laboratory. And it doesn’t matter if you have an artesian well or a summer water supply system from the times of the USSR. The samples will tell you exactly what exactly needs to be purified in water – you may be able to do with one simple filter and it is not at all necessary to buy an expensive complex system.
Water in summer cottages for water supply can be used in two ways.
- Supply through pipes of a centralized water supply through a water tower or storage tank system. It is undrinkable, to put it mildly. It stagnates in storage tanks, and such a broth of minerals, rust, microflora and microorganisms “blooms” in it that it can only be used for watering. The same applies to individual tanks in the country, even if you pump there from an earth well.
- Groundwater abstraction… It can be a spring, a well, a well with a pump, a public water column. From there you can already drink, since the water is, in fact, running – its source flows underground. But is it safe? It can contain soil, sand, clay, rust from pipes, excess iron and minerals, as well as nitrates, pesticides and other harmful substances from the soil. Therefore, it is possible to consider water from a column or well clean, even if it is transparent, only after a chemical analysis, which will show the content of harmful impurities that is safe for humans.
Thus, if you did not take the sample to the laboratory for analysis or received unsatisfactory results, it is better to filter the water. But what filter is better to use in this case – now we will tell you. To learn more about what these devices are, you can read our article.
The simplest: flush filter
- What is good: works without cartridges
- Why is it bad: filters only mechanical particles
This type should definitely be installed on the input line. It will facilitate the work of the rest of the filters (they will not quickly clog) and will provide more or less clean water for faucets, washing machines, shower cabins.
One of the most reliable (but also expensive) flushing filters is Honeywell.
Anti-rust and sand: main filter
- What is good: easy to install
- Why is it bad: filters mainly mechanical particles
To make it easier to control the degree of contamination, choose the model with a transparent bulb. True, it has a specific drawback: the bulb lets in sunlight, and the water can quickly “bloom”, especially in the sun. So it doesn’t hurt to cover it with a dark removable cover.
For modest needs: pitcher filter
- What is good: does not require installation
- Why is it bad: low productivity
For example, here’s a jug from Aquaphor holds 4.2 liters:
For dacha conditions, as a rule, iron removal is relevant (it is this that gives the water a “rusty” tint. Pay attention to filters with several stages of cleaning, including softening and especially deferrization. For example, for such a device Geyser with 4 liter jug:
Versatile: component filter
- What is good: high filtration quality, ease of use
- Why is it bad: three cartridges require periodic replacement
The most popular situation: you have water from a well (it does not matter, artesian or “on the sand”), but a sediment, yellowish color or an unpleasant odor is noticeable in it. Such water needs additional treatment, and a high-quality component filter is the best choice. It is produced by several companies: for example, Geyser:
These models usually have three or four cartridges, each of which does its job. For example, the first one performs filtration from mechanical particles, the second eliminates chlorine, the third is responsible for deferrization and softening. For the outlet of purified water, as a rule, a separate tap is provided, which can be mounted to the sink. Very convenient – no jugs, turned on the tap and poured water.
Best of all: reverse osmosis filter
- What is good: high filtration quality, ease of use
- Why is it bad: requires a pressure of 3 atm, low productivity
Another important point: the filter includes a storage tank with a volume of 5 liters or more – it will need to find a place.
Devices of this type have several pre-filters and a membrane that traps not only impurities, but even bacteria and viruses. Of course, the cartridges require regular replacement: the resource varies from 4,000 to 10,000 liters, but usually the cartridges are changed once a season. Reverse osmosis filters are more expensive than others, this is due to the complexity of the design.
Here’s a filter Aquaphor OSMO with a 10 liter tank will pay off in about five summer seasons (if you take imported drinking water as an alternative):
Bottled water as an alternative
Alternatively, you can buy for a dacha without a well cooler – similar to those in many offices. Then you can buy water in 19-liter bottles and use it outside the city for drinking and cooking. It will pay off at the cost of one bottle of 210 rubles for about the same five seasons, so there is no difference – except for the extra efforts to regularly buy, carry and install bottles.